THE IMPACT OF PHYSICAL AND SPORTS REHABILITATION OF PEOPLE WITH CEREBRAL PALSY ON THE PROPRIOCEPTIVE SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT
Keywords:cerebral palsy, physical and sports rehabilitation, Bocce game, dysarthric disorders, sensory integration, Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests
Introduction: Cerebral palsy occurs as a result of affecting those parts of the central nervous system that control the muscles and are responsible for the balance and movements arbitrariness. It has a number of forms with varying degrees of damage to the central nervous system and impaired physiological functions. And this certainly affects the perception. Due to perception distortion, sensory interpretation is slowed down and incorrectly analyzed in the cerebral cortex. The improvement of the motor sphere implies the development of general and small motor skills, and the improvement of movements coordination. The correction of motor sphere disorders should be done in a comprehensive, systematic manner, with the involvement of specialists (neurologists, physical therapists, rehabilitologists, sensory therapists). This will help to determine the content of motor sphere correction exercises and define the step-by-step measures for physical condition improvement.
Aim: to investigate the impact of physical and sports rehabilitation measures of people with cerebral palsy disabilities on improving the proprioceptive system basing on an analysis of the practical application of the bocce game program.
Methodology: SIPT (Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests) breach detection study. Bocce game lessons were tested (as a method of physical and sport rehabilitation) in order to improve the sensory system. Object of the study – 10 people aged 28–35 with a clinical diagnosis of "Cerebral palsy" with impaired mobility, who are using a trolley and are undergoing rehabilitation at the rehabilitation center in Lviv.
Results: It was found that 9 out of 10 participants had dysarthric disorders. General somatic attenuation and slow development of locomotor functions are accompanied by a lag in the motor sphere development of the people with cerebral palsy.
Conclusion: The study found that engaging in sports and exercise leads to increased physical health and improved gross fine motor skills related to the sensorimotor system